Lee Wilson last week photographed a pair of vintage rescue squad vehicles in Mount Olive. They're shown below and are quite cool. But did you know that fully five volunteer rescue squads are still serving in Wayne County? Here’s an overview and historical perspective:
Goldsboro Rescue & EMS
One of the oldest squads in the state (let's say top fifteen), they were organized in 1952 with the help of the Goldsboro Fire Department and the Goldsboro Lions Club. A campaign was started to raise funds for a new rescue truck as well as equipment. The Lions Club purchased a new 1952 Chevrolet truck, which was housed at the Central Fire Station. Goldsboro Rescue answered its first call on March 21, 1953. Here’s a prior blog post on the subject.
In 1961, a new building was erected at 615 North Madison Avenue in the center of town, and served as the squad’s new headquarters. (That's right behind the fire station.) On January 24, 1972, the squad changed their legal name to Goldsboro Rescue and Emergency Medical Services Inc. The organization remained staffed with volunteers until the 1990s, when part- and full-time personnel were hired to help with calls during the day.
On November 8, 1976, squad member Kenneth Lee Davis was killed when his "rescue van" was struck by a passenger car at New Hope Road and State Road 1709. The unit was returning from a call. Read prior blog post. Earlier that year, James M. Hickman drowned while attempting to rescue a motorist trapped in flood waters on Highway 117. Read prior blog post.
In 2002, Wayne County EMS began serving the county with paid personnel. That year, the Goldsboro squad building was largely taken over by Wayne EMS. The building continues to house the squad’s memorabilia, as well as EMS 61 and the WayneNet transportation service. The vehicles owned by the squad, however, were transferred to the county.
In 2013, celebrating their sixtieth anniversary, Goldsboro Rescue & EMS returned the antique 1952 Chevrolet truck to the Lions Club. The squad remains active, and its members, though few in number, assist the county as needed, mainly during football season.
Mount Olive Emergency Services (MOES)
Originally named Mount Olive Rescue Squad, they were organized July 1958 with
only seven members. The first state-certified volunteers joined in 1975. There
are currently twenty-seven members on the roster, with fifteen active. Squad
members hold basic, intermediate and paramedic certifications. Two of the
antique rescue vehicles are still housed at the squad building and were photographed by Lee Wilson last week:
Lee Wilson photos - See more
Mount Olive Rescue Squad was restructured in 1999. The name was changed to Mount Olive Emergency Services and incorporated on October 10, 2002. Also that year, Wayne County became the primary provider of 24/7 paramedic care in the county. Mount Olive was the last rescue squad incorporated into the new formed county system. The phase-in process was completed in October 2003. Also in 2002, the county fire departments became responsible for extrication and other rescue services.
MOES continues to provide additional resources for Wayne County EMS. The crews assist with such functions as staffing a second-duty ambulance (EMS 92) provided by Wayne County EMS at various events, such as parades and county functions.
The volunteer members continue to participate in required training each month at the squad building, which is numbered EMS Station 9 and is located 700 N. Center Street in Mount Olive. The organization continues to be members of the Wayne County Rescue Association and the North Carolina Association of Rescue and EMS, in Area III.
Notes the squad “As we look back and see how the system has evolved from just seven members to a state award winning volunteer squad—a tradition that has been passed on though the many years of existence—[we feel] very proud. The members of Mount Olive Emergency Services remain committed to providing emergency services with passionate dedication. It is an honor to serve our neighbors, our friends, our family and our community.”
Fremont Emergency Services
Established in 1964, they were chartered on April 24, 1969, as Fremont Rescue Squad. As the decades passed and the role of emergency medical services became more prominent, they changed their name on October 2, 1989, to Fremont Rescue Squad & Emergency Services.
After the county took over EMS responsibilities in March 2003, the squad was incorporated into the new system. They continued to operate a county-owned second-duty ambulance when available. The volunteers also assisted by responding with personal vehicles, when a second-duty ambulance was not available.
In January 2005, and to support the nation’s homeland security readiness efforts, the squad revised its mission to include responses to natural disasters and mass-causality incidents. This included converting their former rescue truck into a fully-stocked MCI unit, with the capacity to handle fifty patients.
On October 9, 2009, the squad changes its name to Fremont Emergency Services. They’re located at 403 N. Sycamore Street in Fremont.
They’re also a certified Class IV water rescue team, and is part of a statewide emergency response team. They also assist the Wayne County Sheriff’s Department with search missions as needed. They have three support vehicles and two boats.
Learn more on their Facebook page.
Seven Springs Area Rescue Squad
Chartered on February 3, 1976, they still have a few members on the roster and are minimally active. The squad’s activities consist main of special events and assisting Wayne County EMS when available.
When Wayne County EMS was placed in service in March 2002, the first unit was located in the Seven Springs community. The station was later named EMS Station 1 and is located at 407 South Main Street in Seven Springs.
Chartered as Grantham Rescue Squad on December 11, 1985, they changed their name to Grantham EMS in 2012. They are Station 3 in the Wayne County EMS system.
The organization is still active, but is primarily staffed with firefighters from Grantham Fire Department. Ten volunteer members are not affiliated with GFD. The volunteers are required to have at the minimum an EMT-B certification. Training is held at the station two times a month with an EMS instructor from Wayne Community College.
Grantham EMS operates a county provided second-duty ambulance as needed. The Volunteer ambulance (call sign EMS 32) responds on primary and second duty calls in their district and surrounding districts. Volunteers also respond via POV to calls with basic medical equipment. GEMS also covers special Events for the local school and Fire Departments.
In 2002, GEMS transferred all rescue equipment including two water rescue boats and extrication equipment to GFD. The fire department began providing extrication and water rescue services for their primary district, and neighboring districts.
After the name change, the organizational ranks were changed. The chain of command is now Chief, Assistant Chief, Captain, and First Lieutenant. GEMS is governed by six Board of Directors, and along with a Secretary and Treasurer to handle all business affairs.
Goldsboro Fire Department provided EMS services until it merged with Wayne County EMS in October 2002. When did GFD start providing EMS? To be determined.
The fire department had two EMS units with paid staff.
In October 2001, Wayne County EMS was established by the county Board of Commissioners. This action was in advance of state legislation passed in January 2002, that placed the responsibility for EMS coverage "squarely on county government."
The county was currently spending $1 millon annual for EMS services, but did not receive any revenues. The Board took a proactive stance to begin countywide EMS service for all citizens. A billing system was placed in service. The level of care for all calls was upgraded to paramedic.
On March 1, 2002, what was later named EMS Station 1 opened in the Seven Springs community. On June 1, 2002, Station 2 opened at the Rosewood FD and Station 3 opened in Grantham. On October 1, 2002, the county merged EMS with the city of Goldsboro. Station 4 was opened at Goldsboro FD Station 1.
Other (later?) locations were Station 5 at Goldsboro FD, Station 6 at Goldsboro FD Station 2, Station 7 at Fremont, Station 8 at Dudley FD, and Station 9 in Mount Olive. In January 2007, Wayne County EMS began responding to all medical calls at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base.
In 2012, quick response vehicles (QRVs) were added to the EMS system. Two are housed at EMS Station 8 and at Belfast Fire Department. They provide paramedic support.
- Legeros Fire Blog, www.legeros.com/blog
- North Carolina Department of the Secretary of State, Corporations Search, http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/search/CorpFilings/9565215
- Welcome to Wayne County Emergency Medical Services, http://www.waynegov.com/page/317
- Wayne County Board of Commissioner meeting minutes, www.waynegov.com/cms/lib05/NC07000827/Centricity/Domain/17/02-19-09_minutes.boc.doc
- Wayne County EM/Wayne Net/911/VFIS Presentation minutes, http://www.waynegov.com/cms/lib05/NC07000827/Centricity/Domain/17/2-14-12_Website_Minutes.pdf
Found via Google news, Sylva Herald & Ruralite on February 2, 1978. North Carolina had "more fire departments, more firemen and more state-supported fire service training" than any other state. There were 1,100 fire departments in North Carolina and 38,000 firefighters, not including "persons trained for fire brigades." The numbers were cited by Keith Phillippe, who supervised fire service training for the North Carolina Department of Community Colleges.
"Through fifty-seven technical institutes and community colleges, 39,695 firemen were trained," according to report filed by his office. That includes "students in fire brigade training and also includes students who have taken more than one course in a one-year period." The story noted that "in addition to regular extension fire service training" there were a pair of two-year curriculums taught.
Fire Science was offered by Central Piedmont, Gaston, and Western Piedmont community colleges, and Alamance, Forsyth, Guilford, Rowan, and Wilson technical institutes. Fire Science Operation and Management was offered only by Durham Technical Institute and was intended "primarily for people actively employed in fire service management or supervisor positions."
The extension courses were "short courses" due to their length, and they covered specialty topics. The exception was a course called "Introduction to Firefighter." It was developed for fire departments, where "firemen must be trained for service as quickly as possible." Or for departments that were new, that hadn't been active for "not more than two years and have had no formal training."
Specialized courses included "Forcible Entry, Portable Fire Extinguishers, Hose Practices, Rescue Practices, Protective Breathing Equipment, Arson Detection, Civil Disorder [!], and Fire Brigade Training For Industry."
About the latter, Phillippe noted "'One means of avoiding major industrial plant fire losses in North Carolina is for each plant to maintain a well-trained fire brigade." He added "it's not the intention that a [plant brigade] take the place of the local fire department. However, it's [their] responsibility to take action during the first crucial minutes of a fire." Those initial steps can help prevent costly fires.
The fire brigade courses are also taught in prisons. "Instructors can go into a prison, like it was done in a minimum security prison in Greene County through Lenoir Community College, and train the inmates in the art of firefighting." Those inmates were "actually" firemen with the town of Maury Fire Department. They responded to fire calls "as would a regular fireman."
Prisons across the state were receiving "regular fire brigade training." Those courses were for "fire protection solely in prisons."
Also notes the article, "fire service training was among the first instruction to be offered in the late 1950s by industrial educator centers, which later became technical institutes or community colleges." Many students are sons and daughters of firemen, who received training in these schools.
Some fire service training was also offered by five other state agencies: the Insurance Department, the State Bureau of Investigation, the Institute of Government, North Carolina State University, and the Insurance Rating Bureau.Updated - Mass-Casualty Incident, 1977
August 31, 2014
Learned today that the old Royal Villa Hotel (and conference center) is the site of the current Providence Baptist Church at 6339 Glenwood Avenue. You know, the high-rise hotel complex that looks like a government bunker, but with a giant cross on the side? (Always pictured that MCI story taking place farther out toward the airport. But recall, the 6300 block of Glenwood Avenue was once the city's western edge.)
Built in 1972, say tax record. The front section is one-story with 46,640 feet. Reinforced concrete construction. The rear is a six-story high-rise with 160,762 square-feet. Sold to the church in 1991, it appears. Cost $2.6 million. Current value is $16 million. Overflow parking next door on the site of the old Waffle House. Click to enlarge:
February 13, 2010
While we await the final details on this morning's mass-casualty incident in downtown Raleigh, let's look back at the summer of 1977. On the afternoon of Thursday, June 30, as many as 200 people became sick from apparent food poisoning at the Royal Villa Hotel on Highway 70, west of Raleigh. They were attending a national garden club convention, and had had lunch a couple hours earlier at Meredith College. A private lounge lounge at the hotel was turned into a makeshift medical facility, as area ambulances and rescue squads were rushed to the scene.
Units from Six Forks, Raleigh FD, Wendell, Cary, Clayton, Butner, Wake EMS, and Medical Transport responded. More than 100 responders and nine ambulances helped shuttle patients back and forth to Rex, Wake, and Durham County General hospitals. The county EM director, J. Russel Capps, said it was "largest requirement for ambulances" in the county that he could remember. As the first units arrived and reported multiple patients, the county's emergency plan called "Plan Eagle" was placed in effect.
Several Raleigh city buses were also used to transport patients, who complained of stomach pain and diarrhea. Rex Hospital treated about 75, Wake medical Center treated 46, and Durham County General Hospital treated 40. Many who were transported were suffering from dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhea. Three were admitted at Rex, and one at Wake. By that evening, health officials had taken cultures from the food served at the college.
The lobby of the hotel was filled with patients and responders into the early evening. Wrote the News & Observer on July 1, "many of the ill who were able to walk carried plastic garbage cans or ice buckets from their room to use in case they had to vomit." At the hotel's front door, chairs were lined up, for patients waiting for transport. Motel employees and responders also conducted a room-to-room search, to be sure all patients were found. About 500 people were attending the convention, and most were staying at that hotel.Another Aerialscope in N.C. - Cleveland Fire Department
In our prior posting about Holly Springs new Aerialscope, readers offered comments on others around our state. Here's another to add to the list, Ladder 45 from Cleveland Community Volunteer Fire Department in Rowan County. It's a 1993/1978 Mack/Baker Aerialscope that originally served FDNY as Ladder 54 in the Bronx. It was purchased by Westbury FD on Long Island in 1992, and had a full refurbishing in 1993. The truck served at Ground Zero with WFD days after September 11, 2001. Thanks to reader Greg Summit for sharing the photo. Click to enlarge:
On April 1, 1963, a two-year study was started of ambulance service in North Carolina. Questionnaires were mailed to 718 ambulance providers, the majority of which were funeral homes. They were asked questions in categories of (a.) organization, (b.) area served, (c.) availability of service, (d.) equipment, (e.) services rendered, (f.) personnel, (g.) communications, (h.) records, (i.) financial, (j.) auto accidents, and (k.) opinion. Plus other data, including call details for one specific week of service.
Also contacted were 183 hospitals and 52 nursing homes, 100 county governments and 355 incorporated towns and cities, and 119 users of ambulance service (during a single week in October 1983). They were also asked both categorical questions as well as for general opinions. The medical care facilities also provided data.
The results were published in January 1965 as Organizing Ambulance Service in the Public Interest. It included seven pages of recommendations, notably of standards and principles and the recommendation to implement via legislation. Read the report (6.5M, PDF).
The 126-page bound book was described as a
"research project conducted by the North Carolina Hospital Education and
Research Foundation Inc., in cooperation with the Institute of Government and
the Department of Hospital Administration of the School of Medicine of the
University of North Carolina." The study was financed by the Division of
Community Health Services of the United States Public Health Service.
Robert R. Cadmus, M.D., was the study's principal investigator. John H. Ketner was the project director. The study also included a long list of advisory committee members, ex officio (from the Latin phrase, meaning a member who participates by virtue of holding another office), special advisors, and staff.
The study was prompted by changes in the state's ambulance service. In at least ten communities, notes the introduction, funeral homes had discontinued service. Local governments were notified, but were poorly suited to solving the problem. Queries to academic institutions and reviews of literature found no easy answers, either. Nobody had studied ambulance problems on a statewide basis, and along the lines of the problems faced in North Carolina.
Thus commenced the study and the resulting report. There's much to read and absorb in the document, which was scanned from a photography of a book borrowed from the North Carolina State Government Library. Such as notes about auto accidents. They were deemed a growing concern, due to the recently developed interstate highway system, the limited access roads (which made communicating about and locating accidents harder), and the maximum speed limit having been raised.
As summarized in a News & Observer story on March 16, 1965, the report concludes (or confirms) that state and local governments in North Carolina should be authorized to help provide supervised ambulance service.
There's also pages upon pages of data. Some interesting bits:
- 905 vehicles were used to transport patients. Half were combination hearse-ambulances.
- 99% of providers said they covered large areas, either town plus rural or entire county/more than one county.
- 96% of users were satisfied with the service. Only two criticism were noted: another attendant need, and, once, the driver didn't know the way to the hospital (!).
- 83% of providers were funeral homes. Only 16% were rescue squads. Of the squads, 84% were private non-profit organizations and 16% were government-related.
- 63% of providers did not provide first aid at the scene. They were "load and go" and with half of those noting the reason that "police or bystanders insisted the patient be transported at once."
- 33% of providers said they had considered discontinuing service in the past year. Three-quarters of those cited financial reasons.
- 26% of calls were for non-emergency reasons.
And what happened next? (And before?) Here's a quick sketch of contextual events in North Carolina (and local) EMS history:
- 1937 -
Forsyth CountyWinston-Salem Rescue Squad organized, first in North Carolina.
- 1965 - Two-year study on ambulance service in North Carolina published (this report).
- 1966 - National Highway Safety Act enacted. Each state directed to develop a regional EMS system. North Carolina Governors Highway Safety Program charged with assisting in the funding of such a program in North Carolina. Soon after the law is enacted, US DOT released national standards for the design and equipment of ambulances, and training for ambulance attendants.
- 1967 - North Carolina General Assembly passes Ambulance Services Act, under Chapter 130, Article 26, Regulation of Ambulance Services. Licensing regulation for operators of ambulances is adopted by the state board of health. Advisory Committee on Ambulance Service created, to develop standards.
- 1969 - EMT classes first taught in Raleigh-Durham area.
- 1971 - Legislative Research Commission authorized to study problem of emergency care in North Carolina, and develop adequate system to provide statewide.
- 1973 - North Carolina Office of EMS established. Legislation passed consolidating rule-making authoring over ambulance and personnel, as well as authorization of training EMTs to perform advanced first aid and limited medical procedures.
- 1976 - Basic life support (BLS) rules created for North Carolina ambulance services, published as a document by the state’s Medical Care Commission. Effective January 1, at least on attendant on every ambulance must be certified EMT. Also, advanced skills for EMTs allowed, via new Mobile Intensive Care Technician certification.
- 1984 - First paramedics in service in Wake County.
- 1993 - Legislation passed that requires development of Statewide Trauma System.
- 1995 - Legislation passed that requires licensing of EMS providers.
- 2001 - North Carolina EMS legislation rewritten.
(What milestones are missing from that list?)
One of the reasons I'm excited about Brian Lawrence's book Firefighting in Buncombe County (see prior posting) is the information he's provided about former fire departments. That's a passion of mine, researching and documenting fire departments that are no longer around. Even have a database on my findings.
Needless to say, I will be parsing Brian's book in detail for details about Buncombe departments of yore. Looks like this is the line-up, when comparing his findings to mine. Will be reviewing and then updating my database.
- Amcel Propulsion Company Fire Brigade - Operated from 1960 until at least 1965. See recent blog post.
- Beacon FD – Operated from 1925 until apparently 1976, when they donated their only fire truck to the Swannanoa FD, which they help organize in 1959.
- Beaverdam FD – Operated from 1960 to 1990.
- Biltmore Estate – The famous house was equipped with fire equipment, including at least one fire engine. More later.
- Biltmore Forest FD – Operated from 1923 to 1995. More later.
- Biltmore Village FD – Operated from 1910 to 1929. More later.
- Candler FD – Chartered in 1961, but never organized into a functioning department.
- Enka FD – Operated from 1926 to 1987, and then as solely a plant brigade for about four more years.
- Haw Creek FD – Operated from 1961 to 2009. Merged with Asheville FD.
- Knelworth FD – Operated from 1891 to 1929.
- Mount Pisgah Academy FD – Operated from 1952 to 1964.
- North Buncombe FD – Rural department with own board and tax district, but that stored equipment and shared volunteers with Weaverville FD from 1976 to 2000.
- North Carolina Juvenile Evaluation Center – Opened 1960, at former Moore Hospital. Also called Western North Carolina Youth Correction Center. Operated fire department in early 1960s.
- Oteen Hospital FD – Operated from circa 1918 to 1976. See recent blog post, which will be updated with new information from Brian's book.
- Ridgecrest Conference Center FD – Staff operated fire apparatus. Years of operation unknown.
- US Army Moore General Hospital – Opened 1942. Two-bay fire station on site. Became VA hospital in 1946. Transferred to state to become juvenile evaluation center in 1960.
- West Asheville FD – Operated from 1914 to 1917.
Happy days are here as another book about North Carolina firefighting history has been published. Asheville Fire Department Engineer and department historian Brian Lawrence has written a photo history of Buncombe County fire departments for Arcadia Publishing's Images of America series.
The 128-page softcover was released this week. The book is divided into four chapters:
Plus Acknowledgements and Introduction.
I'd recommend ordering a copy.
Raleigh & Wake County, Charlotte
Does the format of that book look familiar? Maybe you're reminding
of Arcadia's two volumes of Raleigh and Wake County firefighter, written by
Yours Truly and published in 2003 and 2004.
Learn about those. Arcadia's also published an Images of America volume about the Charlotte Fire Department by Shawn Royall.
The company's published nearly sixty such books. Other southeastern states include Maryland (five books), Virginia (two books, including Firefighting in Roanoke by FireCritic Rhett Fleitz) and Washington, D.C. Learn more on the publisher's web site, in the fire history book section.|
Help me expand my library!
You're reading my tweets, right? Those little 140-character or less messages in the upper-right corner of this page? That's how I've been transmitting "recommended reading" lo the last year or two. I've just retweeted one from fire blogger and retired television reporter Dave Statter, which he posted five hours ago:
He's promoting a posting of his from last night, and which I must also recommend. He's talking about a police department conference in Omaha on Tuesday night, and his praise therein. "Chief Schmaderer gave one of the most effective and timely presentations following a police involved shooting I’ve witnessed."
He provides links to news stories about same, including a transcript of the conference. What happened in Omaha? That night, police officers shot and killed a robbery suspect. He was armed with an Airsoft pistol. And the officer's gunfire also killed an embedded journalist, a crew member from the TV shot "Cops."
Dave offers opinions on the press conference, and praises a number of components including transparency and immediacy. He also talks about the value of such information in general, be it a crisis or routine event. Key phrase: "[Officials] need to recognize the importance of answering the obvious questions the community will ask."
Definitely worth reading his take, as well as the recorded/transcribed event. Read the Statter911 posting.Raleigh Ladder Truck with Shriners, Circa 1946
Here's a historical treat, a rare photo of Raleigh's old tiller at Memorial Auditorium. That was the location of Station 2 from 1932 to 1969. The ladder truck was housed there from 1941 to 1953. That's a 1939 American LaFrance 500 Series cab that pulled a 1916 American LaFrance Type 17 two-section, 75-foot, wooden aerial ladder.
See, the truck was housed at Station 1 on Morgan Street until same was demolished in 1941. While Engine 1 moved to old Station 2 on South Salisbury Street, Truck 1 couldn't fit there. So it and the 1922 American LaFrance service truck were moved to the auditorium. Engine 2 was in turn relocated with Engine 1. Got that?
Things improved in 1949, with the opening of Station 6 on Oberlin Road. The service truck was moved there, and Engine 2 was moved back to Station 2. But the ladder truck remained at the auditorium until the completion of the new Station 1 on Dawson Street in 1953. And precious photos have been found showing Truck 1 at Station 2.
As for this photo, it was taken by Haynes Studio in Raleigh. The men on the truck are Shriners, and the occasion is a convention in Raleigh. Believe it was the state convention, but might've been a larger one. Date of said convention? The license plate of the car says 1946. Did car owners get new plates every year? Don't know. Maybe readers can help. At a minimum, we can date the photo as between 1946 and 1953. Click to enlarge:
Here's a seeming first for the Carolinas, a combination pumper/ambulance that's been placed in service in Greenville. The unusual rig is a 2014 Spartan MetroStar/Bruan Patriot pumper/paramedic ambulance. FireNews.net has posted this story, which includes factory photos and details from this Daily Reflector story.
The truck is both an engine with a 500 GPM pump, 200 gallons of water, fifteen gallons of foam, and a compressed air foam system (CAFS), and a Type I medium-duty ambulance. It's assigned to Station 4 and was dedicated on Wednesday. Head over to the FireNews.net Facebook page for a lively discussion of the rig.
City Council minutes from February 11, 2013 (PDF), provide a bit of background about the truck, the purchase of which was approved on that date:
"On April 9, 2012, City Council approved the
purchase of an ambulance to be stationed at Fire/Rescue Station 4. Ambulance
service was initiated at Fire/Rescue Station 4 on October 6, 2012. Fire/Rescue
Station 4 currently has three personnel assigned to it who staff a quint fire
truck and an ambulance. Personnel select the most appropriate vehicle, fire
truck, or ambulance, for emergencies occurring in their response area based on
the nature of the call. The quint responds for fires and fire alarm activations.
The ambulance responds to rescue incidents. This staffing method requires that
employees move their personal protective clothing between vehicles when
responding to calls for service. The purchase of the combination
engine/ambulance will reduce this movement between vehicles as it will be able
to handle 99% of the incidents to which Station 4 personnel respond."
Aileen Devlin/The Daily Reflector photo
Articles in this series:
1999-2002 ALF/GS | 2000s-2010s | Airport
Here's the fifth and final part our Charlotte project, compiling a historical fleet list of the department's apparatus. This one includes pictures! Here's a montage of some of these rigs, including three stock photos (Class 110, Class 155, Type O-11A) from Ted Heinbuch's excellent Fire Trucks at War site. The remaining photos (modern plus historical shot of the 1942 Dodge/American) are from the Charlotte FD Trucks site, except for the P-2 by Jeff Harkey and the military dry chemical rig from Shawn Royall's book Firefighting in Charlotte. Click to enlarge:
Charlotte Fire Department fleet information – Airport Apparatus
Compiled by Micah Bodford. Augmented by USAF apparatus information from Pete Brock, and other military apparatus data from Ted Heinbuch and his site www.firetrucks-atwar.com.
Last updated: August 20, 2014
- USAF apparatus overview
- Fleeting listing.
USAF apparatus operated in Charlotte included:
|Class 110/Type O-2||Crash “engine”||USA Holabird|
|Class 125/Type O-4||Crash “engine”||Chevrolet/Mack|
|Class 155/Type O-5||Crash truck, three-axle||Brockway/ALF|
|O-11A||Crash truck, three-axle||ALF|
|P-2||Crash truck, four-axle||FWD
|P-23||Crash truck, four axle||E-One|
Fleet RosterREAD MORE What is a "Fallen" Firefighter?
And what isn't one? That's a question that I’ve been pondering lately. And again today, after a conversation started by Dave Statter on his Statter911 Facebook page. (It's about a news headline about word choice therein.) I’ve been hesitant to voice this question, as we’re talking about death, after all. We’re talking about the brothers and sisters who are no longer with us. And each is its own tragedy.
Each one's passing has impacted so many lives at the personal and professional level, and regardless of circumstance or situation. And yet it’s the situation that compels the question. Is "fallen" as a synonym for "died" or for something more specific?
There are three choices. Depending on your perspective, a fallen firefighter is one who:
- Is an active or retired/former member, and died on- or off-duty.
- Is an active member, and died on- or off-duty.
- Is an active member, and died on-duty.*
Three distinctly different definitions. Which is the "right" one? That’s something I won't attempt to answer. But I recognize the definition can vary, depending upon the person or people or groups people. At a minimum, the lay person probably has a far looser definition than a member of the fire service.
Equally challenging is defining the proper response to those three categories above. Should each be memorialized with a degree of ceremony? Should they instead escalate, with a "duty death" as the most ceremonious? Good questions.
Now, did you catch my asterisk? Even the words "died on duty" are tricky, because they don’t necessarily equate to "died in the line of duty." Bill Carey wrote an excellent blog post about the difference between "on duty" and "in the line of duty" last year. See his posting.
Differences between the above categories are also crucial in the awarding of survivor benefits. Every firefighter should understand their death benefits, and the circumstances that impact the awarding or reject of them. The same concept applies to memorial inclusions. Fallen firefighter organizations have their own criteria determine inclusion or exclusion on local, state, and national memorials.
How do you define "fallen?" How should you define "fallen?" And for our meta-thinkers, how appropriate (or inappropriate) is this discussion? I look forward to your comments.Photos of North River Fire Department
While at the beach this past weekend, we paid a visit to the North River-Laurel Road Fire Department in CartereT County. Recall that their station burned on June 22. The fire started in the apparatus bay and destroyed all their equipment, including three trucks. Within days, they received a donated 1985 Kenworth/FMC pumper/tanker from Central Fire Department in Davidson County. The truck is currently parked under a shelter at a dredging firm on Merrimon Road and is located about a half-mile from the station. Here's a News-Times story about the donated pumper from July 27. A community benefit was held on August 9 to raise money for the department. Over $1,800 was raised. See photos on this Facebook page. As for the building and the truck, see more photos of those.
Next question is the obvious historical one. How many fire station fires have destroyed equipment or buildings in our state, in prior years and decades? Hasn't happened in Wake County.
Raleigh Fire Department Newsletter - Special Facilities Edition
What's happening with Raleigh fire station construction and other fire
department facilities? Read this special edition of the Raleigh Fire Department newsletter, which features features on Station 29, the new Station 12, the expansion of Station 11, the plans for Station 14, Station 6, and Station 6, and a couple other projects. Plus general information on how the city of Raleigh plans for and executes construction of
engine houses. The digital issue has been posted to www.raleighfirenews.org.
The newsletter is a quarterly publication for personnel, retirees, and citizens.
And us buffs, man!
Read the issue (PDF).
Haven't visited the Charlotte FD Trucks web site lately? It's been redesigned and has a new address, www.charlottefdtrucks.com. The site's also added numerous archive photos, such as those shown below.
Top to bottom, left to right is Engine 7 as a 1943 American LaFrance, a 1942 Dodge/American former Morris Field crash truck, a 1940 White searchlight truck (alt. year 1938), Engine 5 as a 1966 Seagrave and the only one that was yellow, Squad 1 with a Ford Econline van, and Truck 7 (also the original Rescue 1?), a 1970s Ford F700 with a utility body. Notes the site, it was staffed by Squad 1, and responded on second alarm fires and pin jobs. Here's a prior post about Squad 1.
Charlotte Fleet Listing - 2000s and 2010s
Articles in this series: 1910s-1970s | 1980s-1990s | 1999-2002 ALF/GS | 2000s-2010s | Airport
Here's the fourth part of our Charlotte project, compiling a historical fleet list of all fire apparatus. This is based on research by reader Micah Bodford, plus other inputs that we're able to locate. Reader input is appreciated!
- Part I - 1910s to 1970s
- Part II - 1980s and 1990s
- Part IIa - 1999-2002 ALF/GS
- Part III - 2000s and 2010s (see below)
- Part IV - Airport apparatus (coming soon)
Charlotte Fire Department fleet information – 2000s and 2010s
- 2000, 2001 ALF/General Safety – See prior posting
- USAR apparatus, listed at bottom.
Compiled by Micah Bodford
Last updated August 17, 2014
Help update!READ MORE Holly Spring's New Aerialscope
The Holly Springs Fire Department has purchased a new aerial platform, a 2001 Spartan Gladiator/Baker Aerialscope with a 2000 GPM pump and a 95-foot boom. No water tank. Purchased from Fire Line Equipment, see the specs. Originally served the William Cameron Engine Company (see also their FB page) in Lewisburg, PA. Has about 10,000 miles on it. Received last week. Will soon be painted.
The town's prior platform was placed out of service on Tuesday, a 1999 American LaFrance Eagle mid-mount that was purchased in 2007 from Pattonville Fire District in Pattonville, MO. The new truck is the first Aerialscope in Wake County since Raleigh's 1977 Mack/Baker was sold some years ago. Where else are 'scopes operating in our state? Eastside FD near Asheboro has a Mack/Baker. Boone FD (Avery) and Newell FD (Mecklenburg) no longer have theirs. Any other's still in service?
Holly Springs is also getting a new rescue/pumper. Maybe readers can help with details there. (What other new apparatus is being delivered around Wake County. Three International/Rosenbauer tankers are almost here for Fairview, Swift Creek, and Wake New Hope. Those will be the first Rosenbauer rigs in the county. New rescue trucks as well--built by Rescue One?--for a couple county departments.) See more photos from Lee.
Lee Wilson photo
There was a tiller accident in California on Saturday. Vallejo Fire Department
Truck 21 overturned while responding to a call. The apparatus struck a
sport-utility vehicle, trapping the driver. He airlifted after a
thirty-minute extrication. Seven people were
injured including the four firefighters aboard. All suffered non-life threatening injuries.
Firegeezer reported this morning that three of the four firefighters have
been released from the hospital. The "tillerman" remains in serious
Chris Riley/Vallejo Times-Herald photo
The incident recalls the tiller accident in Raleigh. On July 10, 2009, Ladder 4 overturned while responding to a call. It was a single-vehicle accident that injured four firefighters, with three transported, and two with serious injuries. Here's a look back:
Here’s the safety video that subsequently produced by the Raleigh Fire
Department and the Seattle Fire Department.
Read blog posting about same from April 2011:
For your weekend historical enjoyment, here's a summary of Marine Corps Air Station Edenton fire department during World War II. The source is a six-page historical document on the subject, recently declassified and shared by military firefighting historian Ted Heinbuch. See his work at Fire Trucks at War, as well as the Facebook group of the same name. He provided a pair of images and information about the cited Chrysler and Seagrave apparatus.
Currently called Northeast Regional Airport, the site was originally constructed during World War II. The site included a seaplane base on the Albemarle Sound. See this Wikipedia page for a brief history. Here are some photos of the airport today, shot by myself last year. There are a couple of original buildings still standing, notably the main building. Note the three-bay garage, which could've housed the crash trucks. The tower was removed decades earlier, however.
As noted on David W. Brooks' excellent
Airfields Database web
site (source for the below maps), MCAS Edenton was one of forty-one (!)
military airfields operating in North Carolina during World War II. Click to enlarge:
During construction of the base, a temporary firehouse was provided to house
fire equipment. The base was allocated a Chrysler "fire engine" with a 500 GPM
pump for that purpose. The Chrysler was a trailer pump equipped with 500 GPM
pump, two 15-foot sections of hard suction hose, and 200 feet of 2 1/2-inch
Ted Heinbuch collection
By the time of its delivery, two more fire trucks had arrived. They were purchased through the Bureau of Aeronautics. One of the trucks was assigned to the "fire prevention program of the contractor." The contractor was also authorized to employ a Fire Marshal, to execute a fire prevention program.
The Fire Marshal saw the installation of "barrels, fire extinguishers, and other fire prevention appliances." There were no "regular firemen," however. The temporary fire department instead relied on the guards. The contractor was instructed to train all guards in "fire fighting procedures" and how to operate the extinguishers and "fire fighting apparatus on the truck." In the event of an emergency, they would be "mustered to the fire house" or to the scene of a fire.READ MORE Apex's New Brush Truck
Lee Wilson this week photographed Apex's new brush truck, a military surplus conversion that's been placed in service at Station 2. The truck was obtained last year from the North Carolina Forest Service. Probably or certainly through their Federal Excess Personnel Property Loan Program. Working on getting specs and details. The truck's also awaiting a light bar, which will be added on the cab. More and more these 6x6 conversions have been appearing in the area. Wake New Hope Fire Department has one. Heard that Chapel Hill's obtained one. Where else in the Triangle are they appearing? See more photos from Lee.
Lee Wilson photo
At the South Atlantic Fire Rescue Expo in Raleigh last month, Jeff Hammerstein and Mike Legeros presented a ninety-minute workshop on social media, traditional media, and emergency services. It was titled The World is Watching Your Department - Who Will Tell Your Story, You or Them? There's was a two-part talk, opening with Chief Hammerstein. He's the Community Outreach Chief and Public Information Officer for Wake County EMS.
He had a four main points. First, acknowledging that news reporters and social media photographers make many responders upset. Second, acknowledging the reasons why these people and their behaviors upset behaviors. Third, convincing the audience (some forty attendees) that "we've had it wrong the whole time." Fourth and last, demonstrating how to turn any exposure into a powerful resource.
One such resource for Wake County EMS is public safety blogger (and more) Mike Legeros. He took the floor, and also expanded on four main points. First, he introduced himself, what he does for public safety, and his motives therein. Second, he talked about his fire and incident photography. Third, he talked about his "information sharing" via social media tools and technologies. Fourth, he wrapped with some lessons learned on the whole thing.
Digital versions of their slides have been posted to www.legeros.com/slides. Here's the direct link to the PDF document (5.8MB). Or see photos from their talk. Quite a few "caption this" opportunities there!