Eastern Air Lines Flight 212 Crash in Charlotte

This is an expanded version of a Facebook posting on November 24, 2022, and a blogs archive posting (PDF) from April 8, 2010.

The state’s second-deadliest plane crash occurred in Charlotte near Douglas Municipal Airport on the morning of September 11, 1974. The Eastern Air Lines Douglas DC-9-31 was carrying 78 passengers and 4 crew members. It crashed just short of the runway on instrument approach in dense fog. The fatalities totaled 71, including four who died later. 

The CFD and NCANG response included:

  • Blaze 1, 2, 5, 8, from the airport fire station.
  • Car 2, 3, 5, Engine 1, 2, 5, 10, 13, 21, Ladder 10, Platform 1, Tanker 19, 20 dispatched to the scene.
  • NC ANG ambulance manned by CFD personnel.

Other fire and rescue agencies included:

  • Charlotte Life Saving Crew
  • Charlotte Ambulance Service
  • Steele Creek FD
  • And other county fire departments?

Courtesy of the Don Sturkey Photographic Materials (P0070), North Carolina Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill Library, from Fatal Distraction by Philip Gerard in Our State magazine.

Hose & Nozzle Article

The January-February 1975 issue of Hose & Nozzle magazine provided a summary of Charlotte Fire Department activities that day as well as the dispatcher run card.

At 7:32 a.m., the plane suddenly disappeared from radar. FAA personnel in the control tower determined the craft had crashed, and notified the airport fire station that a plane was down about a mile off Runway 36. Three crash trucks were dispatched. Capt. D. B. Webb, the Airport Station Commander on Blaze 5, radioed that he was headed in the direction of a dense black smoke that could be seen above the crash site. He requested Engine 10 be moved to Station 17, and for police to assist gathering information on the exact crash location. However, he could not advise the type of plane.

Blaze 5 and other equipment traveled down Wilmount Road to Beam Road, and turned right. At Shopton Road, a member of the Airport Manager’s office was there. He informed firefighters that the crash was not on Shopton Road. He also informed them that the plane was a DC9. The information on plane type had not been available to them. Blaze 5 continued down Beam Road, and also notified Communications of the plane type. The crash site was spotted through the fog after Blaze 5 turned right on York Road. They reported on scene at 7:40 a.m.

Across the yard of a farmhouse, Blaze 5 found the aircraft split apart and with pieces scattered in woods among “broken trees, large gullies, honeysuckle thicket and burning with the exception of the tail section and cockpit.” The Commander exited the apparatus, and began walking ahead, to ensure that the ground was level, and they were clear of bodies or debris.

Further details are contained in a report of CFD activities reprinted in the article:

To: W. O. Dowdy, Asst. Chief (Operations)
Subject: Communication Center Actions During Aircraft Crash

  • Number of dispatchers on duty at time of crash: 2
    Dispatcher II J. B. Noggle
    Dispatcher I E. E. Landis
  • 07:35 – Blaze 5 reported via the radio, that a jet was down off Runway 36, crashed and burning. Blaze units 1, 2, 5, and 8 responded.
  • 07:36 – Car 5, Engine 10 and Engine 13 were dispatched to the airport.
  • 07:38 – County police were contacted for specific directions to the crash scene.
  • 07:49 – Asst. Chief W. O. Dowdy was notified via telephone at his home. Chief Dowdy ordered a Code 2 [which was the Douglas Municipal Airport Emergency Plan].
  • 07:49 – Car 2, Car 3, Engine 5, Engine 2, Squad 1, and Ladder 10 were dispatched to the crash scene. Engine 4, dispatched to stand-by at Station 10. Training Division notified.
  • 07:50 – Charlotte Life Saving Crew [Rescue Squad], Charlotte Ambulance Service, Red Cross, Memorial Hospital, Presbyterian Hospital and Mercy Hospital, were notified.
  • 07:56 – Tankers 19 and 20 were dispatched to the crash scene.
  • 08:05 – Fire department STRAP team was notified.
  • 08:12 – Engine 21, Engine 1 and Platform 1 were dispatched to the crash scene. Chief Dowdy ordered a Code 3.
  • 08:16 – Line crew, with chain saws [and extrication equipment] were dispatched to the crash scene.
  • 08:17-10:59 – Supporting units and equipment were dispatched to the crash scene as needed.

Additional details provided in the article:

  • At 7:45 a.m., District Chief W. G. Stewart as Car 5 was approaching the scene, and could see dense black smoke from the wreckage. He found two badly burned victims, and they informed him that other victims were within the wreckage.
  • By 7:48 a.m., the first victims were transported by a Steele Creek Fire Department rescue unit. The second set of victims were transported by an Air National Guard ambulance manned by CFD personnel.
  • The Code 2 notifications also included city and county police departments.
  • At 8:20 a.m., the Chief of Operations arrived and assumed command, and used Car 5 as command post.
  • By 10:30 a.m., “rescue and fire emergency efforts” were completed. City personnel and units were returned to quarters. Command was turned over to Chief Knoxie Hoover of Steele Creek FD. Blaze 1 remained on scene

 

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