Four Shelby Firefighters Killed in Explosion, May 25, 1979

Update April 11, 2019 – Though initially suspected as caused by a natural gas explosion, it was later eliminated by investigators. Instead, they suspect a backdraft caused the explosion. See the detailed OSFM retrospective below. Updated this posting headline, changing “gas explosion” to “explosion” to reflect that important clarification. 

This retrospective first appeared on in 2006, as the North Carolina Fallen Firefighter’s Foundation dedicated their new memorial in Raleigh. It also appears on my fallen firefighter’s history page. This posting also replaces a 2009 blog posting that linked to other retrospectives, which are now unavailable. 

Apparently Routine Fire

One of the darkest days in North Carolina’s fire service history started as a smoke investigation in downtown Shelby around 6:15 p.m. Firefighters arrived in the 100 block of West Warren Street and found an apparently routine fire in the rear of Geoffrey’s Men’s Clothing Store. About thirty minutes into the incident, a sudden blast shook the store and sent bricks and glass flying into the streets. Walls had collapsed, firefighters were buried, and heavy fire and smoke was pouring from the rear of the two-story structure.

Four firefighters and a civilian gas department employee were dead. Another 12 firefighters were injured. Killed instantly in the street in front of the building were volunteer firefighter George Magness, 44, career firefighter Nathan Hall, 27, and volunteer firefighter Donald Melton, 24. Magness was also the chief of the 12-member volunteer fire department. Career firefighter Floyd “Nicky” Sharts, 31, was found dead beneath the rubble in the alley behind the building. Gas department employee Max Bowling, who had apparently gone to the scene to shut off the building’s gas supply, was also found dead in the alley.

Lem Lynch photos

Believed caused by a backdraft in a void between the building’s first and second floors, the explosion snapped surrounding trees in two, twisted street lamps, and destroyed a 1972 American LaFrance pumper. Some 50 people were on the sidewalk when the building exploded and 31 were injured. By sunset, the streets were filled with thousands of onlookers.

Ten Fire Departments for Mutual Aid

Mutual aid from Cleveland, Boiling Springs, Boiling Springs Rural, Grover, Kings Mountain, Oak Grove, Shanghai, Waco, Fallston, and Polkville brought over 230 firefighters to the scene. Tractors and front-end loaders were also employed to remove rubble so firefighters could battle the blaze.

Within hours, the entire block was lost. Geoffrey’s Men’s Clothing Store, J.E.’ Department Store, the Bible Book Store, Wonderland Toys, Butler’s Shoe Store, and Eleanor Shops were destroyed. Damages totaled $5 million.

Intentionally Set

Investigators, which included dozens of federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, later determined that the fire had been intentionally set. The owner of the store was convicted on five counts of voluntary manslaughter and served 10 years of a 90-year jail term.

Five separate funerals were conducted on Sunday, May 19, and hundreds of the city’s 17,000 residents filled a local church for a memorial service the next day. A memorial fountain at Shelby’s Charles Road fire station bears the names of their fallen heroes.

OSFM Looks Back

Read a retrospective (PDF) from the Winter 2006 OSFM Fire-Rescue Journal by Melissa R. Lentz. The article includes contact information (at the time) for photographer Lem Lynch.


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  1. This is a heartbreaking incident in North Carolina’s firefighting history. It all began with a routine smoke investigation in downtown Shelby, but quickly turned tragic. A blast at Geoffrey’s Men’s Clothing Store led to collapsed walls, burying firefighters and causing casualties. Four firefighters, including the volunteer fire department chief, and a civilian gas department employee lost their lives. Twelve firefighters were injured. It’s a stark reminder of the risks these heroes face, even in seemingly routine situations. Their sacrifice is deeply appreciated, and their families are in our thoughts.

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